The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

See also: affected

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

一位智商比爱因斯坦还高的天才儿童正庆祝自己成为门萨的特殊会员。这位小姑娘是妮诗·尤佳拉,今年10岁,在门萨智商测试中拿到了162分的高分,是英国得分最高且最年轻的参试者之一。

报告显示中国房地产“去库存”初步显现效果

Making the cut for the first time, Gigi, 22, and Bella Hadid, 21, are ranked at number five and number nine respectively, with the former making $9.5 million and the younger sibling taking in $6 million.
v. 拥抱,包含,包围,接受,信奉
Some of these people have instead reached for issues that feel close to their concerns: trade, crime, the war on drugs, controlling the borders, fear of Islamist terrorism. All are significant in their own right, and create very real fears for many people, but they have also become a means to have a public conversation about what society’s changes mean for white majorities.
Tsinghua University came in at 45th place, as the third-highest ranked university in Asia. Peking University took the 57th place in the rankings. Zhejiang University took 67th place in its first appearance in the top 100.

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 灯饰古镇中山寻求转型 互联网+打造传统行业新优势 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

若投资一套房要100年回本 你还会炒吗?

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

Although no North American cities feature in the top 20, the EIU said the cost of living in New York had risen relative to other places in the United States. It shares 27th position as the most expensive US city with Los Angeles.
用这个背带背孩子更加方便舒适。
Mila Kunis just keeps on raking in those sexy titles.
贝南克(Bernanke)说今年晚些时候的经济将会走强,所以到时候他可以松开油门,也就是“在今年晚些时候开始减弱刺激性的量化宽松(QE)计划”。对此麦嘉华(Marc Faber)笑了。没错,他笑了。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

Attractions: Festivities for the 2014 World Cup
但是亚利桑那州的经济前景现在已经大为好转,随着住房市场的稳定,失业率在5月份降至7.8%,创下经济衰退后的新低。为了评选今年的美国最适宜经商的州,我们评估了35项指标以判断哪些州的经商条件最佳,哪些最差,这些指标中就包括就业预期。根据穆迪分析公司(Moody’s Analytics)的统计,在今后五年中,亚利桑那州的就业增长速度预计将达到每年3%。到2017年,亚利桑那州增长的就业岗位预计每年将把家庭收入提高3.6%,在全美各州中位居第二,仅次于伊利诺伊州。亚利桑那州的就业增长和经济增长保持同步,穆迪预计该州的经济增长速度为每年4.6%,达到美国的最佳水平。
9.澳大利亚贝拉林半岛

多种保障房组合:一线城市房地产市场将迎来剧变

谈到他想让他们的关系“正式化”的愿望,拉格菲尔德曾表示:“目前还没有人类和动物结婚的……我从未想过我会像这样爱上一只猫咪。
For the New Yorkers who have turned their apartments into bed-and-breakfasts, the battle over illegal inns could reach a fever pitch. On top of it all, Mayor Bill de Blasio’s 10-year affordable housing plan will take shape just as legislation in Albany threatens to strain the pocketbooks of renters. These are among the game-changers looming as we ring in the New Year.

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 2014家居新标准频出 家具又添新保障 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

['b?d?it]
全世界的目光都在聚焦巴西,因为这个国度将举办最令人期待的两大体育盛事——2014年世界杯足球赛和2016年夏季奥运会。在巴西,你不仅可以观看精彩赛事,为你最喜欢的队伍及运动员欢呼,还可以前往“地球之肺”——亚马逊雨林旅行,体验“与世隔绝,拥抱自然”。不管你如何安排行程,巴西之行必定是一次难忘之旅。
The standout is "Him," a tear-jerker about queer love and cultural intolerance that, in its understated way, is an LGBTQ civil rights anthem.
三星的声明则更加简短:“媒体对收购的报道毫无根据。”

两项建材行业标准启动会在杭州召开

8.Form or Join a Study Group
U2乐队主唱波诺、主吉他手"刀刃"和蒂娜·特纳联手合作,共同完成了这首最狂野的007电影主题曲。你会被这首歌的演唱者吸引,并且愿意为她做任何事情。在电影《黄金眼》的主题曲中,蒂娜·特纳在《黄金眼》里面所展现的性感是我们一生都无法企及的。007系列电影主题曲从未如此甜蜜性感,好似歌曲里注入了性激素。
公牛队当家球星罗斯的这两张照片就跟在照镜子一样,可能是因为照片中的罗斯还处于2006年的高中时代,也不过是六年前。
Fortunately, the rules are changing. The proposal of China's Central Economic Conference in early December to give rural residents permanent urban residency sent a strong signal. Premier Wen Jiabao's call in late December for the reform of the household registration system will surely speed up the process.
有人会认为卡莉·西蒙演唱的《海底城》的主题曲最好听。他们可能有自己的理由,可能是因为这是"邦德电影中最好听的歌曲"。曲调欢快、充满吸引力、浪漫抒情,卡莉西蒙的演唱打动人心。但是这些对詹姆斯·邦德、他的冒险旅程、他的来历甚至他的电影没有任何特殊引导作用。尽管《没人做得更好》被认为是一首好歌,但是由于上述原因它并没能进入榜单前五名。
就国内而言,日益活跃的中产阶层正形成压力,要求得到问责制度更健全的治理。愈演愈烈的不平等滋生了一种不公正感;两亿农民工仍然受到二等公民的待遇,腐败也有增无减。对付这些问题的任务十分紧迫,但中国的经济成就助长了一种无端的自信。于是,在阿拉伯之春的刺激下,中国的体制采取激进举措,压制可能引发政治敏感运动的任何社会不满。
In total, Chinese mainland has 54 institutions in the listing of top 300 universities in Asia.
卢华东表示:“今年是西藏反贫困的重要时期,我们将根据不同情况和引起贫困的原因,继续制定政策和计划,并持续增加资金。”
China hopes that the Asia-Pacific region will be one that enjoys order and stability, a region that is able to work out issues through consensus-building consultation, properly manage differences through dialogue and has the wisdom to resolve differences.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

China’s trade surplus grew to Rmb496.2bn last month from Rmb382.1bn in December. Economists expected it to inch higher to Rmb389bn. In dollar terms, China’s trade surplus rose to $63.29bn from $60.09 in December and versus expectations of $60.6bn.
我们要找的人通常不是国家领导人、轰动性的电影大片主演或畅销书作者。我们会把这些人留给本报的相应版面。我们的报道对象更有可能刚出狱,或刚写完第1547本小说。
The U.S. $10 bill will feature the portrait of a notable U.S. woman by 2020.
胡润主席鲁伯特·霍格沃尔夫表示:“这些企业家应该被称为‘超级财富创造者’,而不是简简单单的富豪。他们会对中国社会和经济带来突出的贡献 。”
支持两国之间双向旅游的最新倡议包括以下几点:审查10年旅游签证;安排开放的航空市场服务以消除双方航空公司的所有容量限制;Qantas航空公司于1月推出北京到悉尼的新服务等。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

embrace

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

28 September
我们不希望通过贬值来增加出口,这不利于企业转型升级。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

国家统计局在发布最新数据的同时进行了解读,它将PPI连续上涨部分归因于煤炭开采和洗选业价格同比上涨15.4%,这一涨幅比上月扩大11.3个百分点。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)